went to Shabbir, we thought we knew enough about health and safety, Shabbir
helped us beyond what we could have expected. He is professional in his conduct,
knowledgeable in his business and went out of his way to make sure that we had
everything we needed to take our business to the next step. Shabbir is our only
point of contact regarding Health and safety because we need no one else. I
would highly recommend him to anyone and would happily provide verbal
testimonials as well as written. He was a great and invaluable find for our
Managing Director, Hestia Management Ltd
Without a doubt, the new CDM 2015 regulations have caused quite a stir in the construction industry and even 'small' contractors' have had to sit up, take note and make changes!
CDM 2015 - what's new?
The CDM (Construction (Design and
Management) Regulations 2015 aim to reduce the risks on constructions sites and
make them safer for everyone. CDM2015 is effective from 6 April
2015. For projects that started before then, transitional arrangements apply
for six months.
What is CDM 2015 about?
2015 applies to all construction work. The Regulations set out the requirements
for managing health and safety on construction PROJECTS. A project is more than
a construction site –
and can apply to anything from a kitchen cupboard, tree planting and marquee
erection to new-builds, demolition and even the HS2 rail project.
What stays broadly the same as the
old CDM 2007 Regulations?
Application to all projects
Role of the Principal Contractor
Part 4 technical standards for construction sites – only minor tweaks
Schedule 2 – welfare requirements
Co-ordinators for H&S in the pre- and construction phases.
provisions from 2007 that have worked well, are embedded and understood by
industry, have remained in place. HSE will also maintain their proportionate
enforcement on site, tracking back to clients and designers where standards on
site are consistently failing. The regulations make it clearer for duty holders
to understand their roles and duties, and for all duty holders to be held
accountable for the conditions on site.
Outline of Main changes:
Client – greater responsibility
Domestic client exemption – removed
CDM co-ordinator role - removed
Principal Designer role (PD) – introduced
‘Competence’ – removed in its current form
Construction phase plan now required for all projects
Threshold for appointments – where there is more than 1 contractor
Notification is a stand-alone requirement – not trigger point for additional
Duty holders – Clients:
are the head of the procurement chain and the major influence on project
standards and culture. As the project is for the benefit of the client, it is
only right that they are involved. The client is not expected to take an active
role in managing the work, but must make arrangements for managing the project
assembling the project team, ensuring those appointed have the right skills,
knowledge and experience for the job depending on the complexity of the
project, ensuring their roles, functions and responsibilities are clear
ensuring sufficient resources and time are allocated
ensuring mechanisms are in place for the project team to communicate and
taking reasonable steps to ensure the Principal Designer (PD) and Principal
Contractor (PC) comply with their duties
providing pre-construction information
client fails to make the relevant appointments the duties must be undertaken by
The Client’s Principals:
client’s principals are the Principal Designer and the Principal Contractor, and
co-ordination between them all is key to a successful project. The PD and PC
have equivalent and related roles for liaison and exchange of information
during both the design and build stages of a project. The PD is responsible for
all the pre-construction phase and any design work wherever it happens
throughout the life of the project, which could overlap into the construction
phase as well.
Duty holders – Principal Designer
CDM Co-ordinator role has been removed and the role of Principal Designer has
been created. This is not a direct replacement for the role, although the PD
will carry out many of the functions previously carried out by a CDM-c. The key
role of the PD is to act as a conduit for information flow. The PD has to:
plan, manage, monitor and co-ordinate the pre-construction phase – gathering
information such as ground surveys, structural surveys, asbestos surveys etc.
ensure designers comply with their duties
co-operate with and support the client in providing Pre-Construction
Duty holders – Principal Contractor
manage and co-ordinate the construction side of the project
liaise with the PD throughout the construction phase on matters such as changes
to the designs and the implications those changes may have for managing the
health and safety risks
provide information to the PD relevant to the Health and Safety file.
effectively engage and communicate with the workforce by means of toolbox
talks, meetings etc., to show leadership
have a strong grasp of what is needed in any given situation.
rather than re-activity is crucial to identifying issues early and resolving
them quickly. Leaders should go out to site, look for the issues, seek
information and search for ways to improve the business.
Duty holders – Designer
duties remain similar to those in CDM 2007. Additional requirements include:
Reduce or control risks through the design process and provide risk information
with design drawings
Refer risks that cannot be reduced or controlled through design to the PD
Clear hierarchy for design risk management
will now be expected to consider health and safety at the design stage.
Duty holders – Contractor
responsibilities are very similar to before. The PC is a contractor first and
then a principal contractor after that. The Contractor has a duty to:
look for corporate bodies with organisational capability, relevant policies,
structures and safe systems in place
comply with the directions given by the PD and PC
draw up the Construction Phase Plan, even if they are the only contractor on
site, and should appoint individuals who have - or are in the process of
obtaining - the necessary skills, knowledge, training and education.
is not about card schemes, but about getting the right people, with the right
skills for the job. One of the biggest downfalls of CDM 2007 has been the
proliferation of card schemes which consisted of short multiple choice tests
rather than full instruction and training. In this regard, an NVQ is preferable
to card schemes as it demonstrates workplace learning.
CDM Construction Phase Plan
will now be expected for all reasonably sized projects, and will apply to
smaller sites. A draft template CPP has been produced for use by small
contractors when working for domestic clients. It covers the basic requirements
for a CPP, including information about who is involved in the work, and how the
main risks will be managed. The aim is to get small contractors to think about
the work and potential hazards before the job commences. This template is
available via www.hse.gov.uk and a phone
CDM 2015 changes focus onto management of risk by duty holders
Technical standards unchanged
Strengthen client role
Domestic clients – duties taken by PD and PC
CPP required for all projects
Embed better standard of involvement with workforce
Changes to notifications
Working with industry to get the message out
Clearer and easier to hold all duty holders to account